Monday, 16 March 2020

Foundations of Organisational Behaviour

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Foundations of Organisational Behaviour


Organisational behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people,
individuals, and groups act in organisations.
It does this by taking a system approach, i.e., it interprets people-organisation relationships
in terms of the whole person, whole group, whole organisation, and whole social system.
Its purpose is to build better relationships by achieving human objectives, organisational
objectives, and social objectives.
Organisational behavior encompasses a wide range of topics, such as human behavior,
change, leadership, teams, etc.
There are many theories and models to determine and modify organisational behaviour.
Personality plays the most important role in determining the level of individual
effectiveness.
Notes Various determinants and theories have proven that the individual personality can be
developed in order to develop one's effectiveness.
The personality not only develops but also changes according to various situations.


Competencies: Through learning and experience, each person has acquired a unique set of skills
for dealing with various situations.
Conscience: The behaviours for which we have been punished and about which we feel guilty.
Ectomorph: According to Sheldon's Physiognomy Theory, he has thin, long and poorly developed
body.
Ego: The ego is the logical, rational, realistic part of the personality. The ego evolves from the id
and draws its energy from the id.
Encoding: Each person has a unique way of perceiving and categorizing experience. One person
may see a situation as threatening while another sees it as challenging, and the way it is encoded
determines the response.
Endomorph: According to Sheldon's Physiognomy Theory, endomorph is bulky and beloved
type of person.
Expectancies: Through learning, each person has acquired different expectations of being
rewarded or punished for various kinds of behaviour.
Id: The only part of the personality that is present at birth. It is inherited, primitive, inaccessible
and completely unconscious.
Intuition: It is based on unconscious inner perception of the potentialities of events or things.
Mesomorph: According to Sheldon's Physiognomy Theory, he has a strong, athletic and tough
body type.
Super Ego: The moral component of the personality.

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