Wednesday, 15 January 2020

Unit 8: Group Properties

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Unit 8: Group Properties

Groups in organisations are more than collections of individual employees.

We can distinguish effective groups in terms of role structures, norms, cohesiveness, leadership, status, tasks and size.

A role is a set of activities expected of a person occupying a particular position within the group.

It is a pattern of behaviour that is expected of an individual when he interacts with others.

Individuals play multiple roles while adjusting their roles to the group in which they are.

Role identity is certain attitudes and behaviour consistent with a role.

Role perception is an individual’s view of how he or she is supposed to act in a given situation.

Expectations are defined as how others believe you should act in a given situation.

Role conflict is a situation in which an individual is confronted by divergent role expectations.

Group member’s role is a part of the group’s overall role structure, that is, the set of roles and relationships among roles that has been defined and accepted by group members.

Norms are shared ways of looking at the world.

Groups control members through the use of norms.

A norm is a rule of conduct that has been established by group members to maintain consistency in behaviour.

Status is a socially defined position or rank given to groups or group members by others.

Status is an important characteristic of groups because it affects group structure and dynamics.

The size of a group can have profound implications on how the group behaves internally and with regard to other groups.

When a group is heterogeneous in terms of gender, personalities, opinions, abilities, skills and perspectives, there is an increased probability that the group will possess the needed characteristics to complete its tasks effectively.

The commitment of members to a group and the strength of their desire to remain in the group constitutes a group’s cohesiveness.

    Essentials of Organisation Behaviour/Organisation Behaviour   The “Hawthorne Effect” describes the effects that observing, surveying, and showing an interest in workers and the workplace have on the performance of the workers and their productivity.


Expectations: Expectations are defined as how others believe you should act in a given situation.

Group Member’s Role: Group member’s role is a part of the group’s overall role structure, that is, the set of roles and relationships among roles that has been defined and accepted by group members.

Hawthorne Effect: The “Hawthorne Effect” describes the effects that observing, surveying, and showing an interest in workers & the workplace have on the performance of the workers and their productivity.

Norm: A norm is a rule of conduct that has been established by group members to maintain consistency in behaviour.

Role: A role is a set of activities expected of a person occupying a particular position within the group.

Role Conflict: Role conflict is a situation in which an individual is confronted by divergent role expectations.

Role Identity: Role identity is certain attitudes and behaviour consistent with a role.

Role Perception: Role perception is an individual’s view of how he or she is supposed to act in a given situation.

Status: Status is a socially defined position or rank given to groups or group members by others.


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