Tuesday, 14 January 2020

Unit 4: Perception

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Unit 4: Perception

Notes   Perception is the primary vehicle through which we come to understand our surroundings and ourselves.

Perception can be defined as a process by which individuals organise and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment.

Perception is the primary vehicle through which we come to understand our surroundings and ourselves.

Social perception is the process of interpreting information about another person.

Social perception is directly concerned with how one individual perceives other individuals.

The perceiver’s attitudes affect perception.

Perception is the process of interpreting and understanding one’s environment.

It is a complex psychological process.

It can be boiled down to four steps: observation, selection, organisation and interpretation  
The major characteristics of the perceiver influencing perception are:   Attitudes   Moods   Motives   Self-Concept   Interest   Cognitive Structure   Expectations   Attribution simply refers to how a person explains the cause of another’s or his or her own behaviour.

Decision-making is almost universally defined as choosing between alternatives.

Decision-making is a critical activity in the lives of managers   

Extraversion (E): To focus on the outer world Feeling (F): To first look at the people and special circumstances Introversion (I): To focus on inner world Intuition (N): To interpret and add meaning Judging (J): To get things decided Perceiving (P): To stay open to new information and options Sensing (S): To focus on the basic information you take in Thinking (T): To first look at logic and consistency 90    Essentials of Organisation Behaviour/Organisation Behaviour     


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