Sunday, 12 January 2020

Unit 3: Personality


Unit 3: Personality

Personality is defined as a relatively stable set of characteristics that influence an individual’s behaviour.

One should think of personality as the sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others.

This is most often described in terms of measurable personality traits that a person exhibits.

Personality plays the most important role in determining the level of individual effectiveness.

Various determinants and theories have proven that the individual personality can be developed in order to develop one’s effectiveness.

The personality not only develops but also changes according to various situations.

An emotion is a mental and physiological state associated with a wide variety of feelings, thoughts, and behavior.

Emotions are subjective experiences, or experienced from an individual point of view.

It is often associated with mood, temperament, personality, and disposition.

Theories about emotions stretch back at least as far as the Ancient Greek Stoics, as well as Plato and Aristotle.

We also see sophisticated theories in the works of philosophers such as Descartes, Spinoza and David Hume.

Later theories of emotions tend to be informed by advances in empirical research.

Often theories are not mutually exclusive and many researchers incorporate multiple perspectives in their work   

Conscience: The behaviours for which we have been punished and about which we feel guilty.

Ectomorph: According to Sheldon's Physiognomy Theory, he has thin, long and poorly developed body.

Intuition: It is based on unconscious inner perception of the potentialities of events or things.

Mesomorph: According to Sheldon's Physiognomy Theory, he has a strong, athletic and tough body type.

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