Sunday, 12 January 2020

Unit 2: Individual Differences

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Unit 2: Individual Differences


Highly effective individuals understand that in today’s scenario, they not only need to be technically proficient, but also need to demonstrate   Individual behaviour is the ability of an individual to react and interact with others in general or while performing a particular task.


It is determined by not just a measure of his practical knowledge or skills in a functional area such as human relations, marketing, or information and communications technologies; but also a reflection of personal experiences, qualities, aptitudes and attitudes. 

Attitudes and values of an individual determine where he/she wants to go in life in general and career in particular.

 

It is these two things again that determine how much job satisfaction one can derive.


Learning is a term frequently used by a great number of people in a wide variety of contexts. 

Learning can be defined as a relatively permanent change in behaviour or potential behaviour as a result of direct or indirect experience.

 

Most learning experts agree that reinforcement is the single most important principle of learning. 

Learning is considered vital for understanding human behaviour at work in organisations.


Auditory Learners: Auditory learners learn primarily through listening. 

Classical Conditioning: Classical conditioning introduces a simple cause-and-effect relationship between one stimulus and response. 

Individual Behaviour: Individual behaviour is the ability of an individual to react and interact with others in general or while performing a particular task.


Kinesthetic Learners: Kinesthetic learners learn better by doing. 

Learning: Learning is any relatively permanent change in behaviour that occurs as a result of experience.

Operant Conditioning: Operant conditioning argues that behaviour is a function of its consequences.

Recency: The principle of recency states that things most recently learned are best remembered.

Reflex: A reflex is an involuntary response to a particular stimulus.

Social Learning: Social learning integrates the cognitive and operant approaches to learning.

It recognises that learning does not take place only because of environmental stimuli (classical and operant conditioning) or of individual determinism (cognitive approach) but is a blend of both views.

Visual Learners: Visual learners learn primarily through the written word.



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