Wednesday, 11 December 2019

Unit 12: The Factories Act, 1948 The Factories Act, 1948 protects human beings from being subject to manual laborer and long hours of bodily strain.

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Unit 12: The Factories Act, 1948   The Factories Act, 1948 protects human beings from being subject to manual laborer and long hours of bodily strain.

This Act is applicable to whole of India.

Occupier has the control over the affairs of the factory.

Responsibility for getting the premises approved when the factory is to be established lies on the responsibility on the occupier.

There are health, safety and welfare measures included in this Act.

Second national commission on labor provided recommendation on welfare measures of the workers.


DGFSALI: Director-General of Factory Advice Services & Labour Institutes.

Health: It is a general state of physical, mental and emotional well-being.

Industrial hygiene: The promotion and maintenance of highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers.

Occupier: It is the person who has ultimate control over the affairs of the factory.

Precincts: It is the space enclosed by the wall.

Premises: It is the open land or land with building or building alone.

Safety: It is the protection of a person's physical health.

Welfare officer: The person who is appointed to look after the welfare of the workers in the factory.

Worker: Any person employed directly or indirectly in any manufacturing process.






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