Tuesday, 17 December 2019

Unit 11: Structural Implementation


 Unit 11: Structural Implementation

Organisations are structured in a variety of ways, dependent on their objectives and culture.

The structure of an organisation will determine the manner in which it operates and it's performance.

Structure allows the responsibilities for different functions and processes to be clearly allocated to different departments and employees.

The wrong organisation structure will hinder the success of the business.

Organisational structures should aim to maximize the efficiency and success of the organisation.

An effective organisational structure will facilitate working relationships between various sections of the organisation.

It will retain order and command whilst promoting flexibility and creativity.

Internal factors such as size, product and skills of the workforce influence the organisational structure.

As a business expands the chain of command will lengthen and the spans of control will widen.

The higher the level of skill each employee has the more the business will make use of the matrix structure to maximize these skills across the organisation.

Agile Organisation: A firm that identifies a set of business capabilities central to high profitability operations and then build a virtual organisation around those capabilities.

Chain of Command: an unbroken line of authority that links all persons in an organisation and shows who reports to whom   extent to which written documentation is used to direct and control employees Notes Hierarchy: defines who reports to whom and the span of control Infrastructure: concerned with issues like delegation of authority, specialization, communication, information systems and procedures Modular Organisation: An organisation in which different functional components are separated from one another.

Outsourcing: subcontracting a service with another company or person to do a particular function.

Span of Control: The number of employees that each manager/supervisor is responsible for.

Superstructure: depicts how people are grouped into different divisions, departments and sections and how they are related to each other Virtual Organisations: consist of a network of independent companies - suppliers, customers or even competitors linked together to share skills, costs, markets and rewards     

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